Replacing doctors, complementing psychologists and injecting robots into the bloodstream – Future Health – Issue 34: CogX – Health & Epidemiology Briefing

Future of Health

What separates humans from AI? The answer, according to Stephen M Fleming, in the FT, could be the presence of doubt. Whilst algorithms can seem intelligent, they differ from humans in one crucial respect – they don’t know what they don’t know. Whilst we very often do.

Doubt is key to leading us towards the right moral decisions. One important piece from Yale school of medicine, amongst lots of stimulating links below, reminds us that whilst AI systems are becoming integrated into healthcare – more advanced and widely used – health care professionals, organizations, and patients will face more and more complex moral questions in the future. Of that there can be no doubt!



P.S. For more incredible takes on AI, read Stuart Russell’s book, ‘Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control.’

P.P.S. Subscribers- you can get a free CogX Festival 2021 virtual pass. Use our code COGX21NEWSHEALTHSVP and use: COGX21NEWSHEALTH for 50% off any festival pass. Sign up now!

P.P.P.S To celebrate exceptional AI healthcare software, send in your submission for the ‘Best AI Product’ category for CogX Awards 2021 now.


Computers can drive our cars and beat us at chess. What they lack is our ability to know when we don’t know. Is that what separates humans from AI? Stephen M Fleming explores how we might come to know our own minds as well as the minds of machines.

Read more (Financial Times)


In theory, AI may eventually advance to the point of effectively replacing human doctors. But this fundamental shift could have deep existential implications for physicians’ authority and autonomy, and ultimately their liability. The Yale School of Medicine speaks to those at the medical, ethical frontier.

Read more (Yale School of Medicine)


Could Neuralink read your mind and sell your private thoughts? This article suggests that we are further away from the reality of brain-machine interfaces than the PR might often suggest.

Read more (Interesting Engineering)

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Someday, scientists believe, tiny DNA-based robots and other nanodevices will deliver medicine inside our bodies, detect the presence of deadly pathogens, and help manufacture increasingly smaller electronics.

Read more (


We could be on the verge of a mental health crisis as the true health costs of the pandemic come to light. If so, in-person support for all who need it might prove difficult. Perhaps online therapy might be the key?

Read more (The Telegraph)


Just in case you missed it, the UK Government announced a bold new vision for the future of clinical research. The report ‘Saving and Improving lives: the Future of UK Clinical Research Delivery’ calls for a more inclusive, patient-focused research ethic within the NHS, with a particular focus on data-driven research enabled by digital tools.

The Health Secretary, Matt Hancock, concluded of the vision:

“Ground-breaking technologies, data and analytics will transform healthcare and save lives.”

Read more (Healthcare IT News)


Researchers from Imperial College London and the University of Freiburg proposed that the use of wearable devices to detect COVID-19 could be significantly increased by employing a network of devices.

Dr Firat Güder Department of Bioengineering said, “The use of intelligent facemasks could allow us to continuously access medically relevant physiological data in a non-invasive way.”

Read more (Imperial College London)

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